What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis refers to the dysfunction of the plantar fascia including but not limited to the inflammation of this structure. The plantar fascia is comprised of white longitudinally organized fibrous connective tissue which originates on the heel to the base of the 5 toes. During weight-bearing, tension are created through the plantar fascia which adds critical stability to a loaded foot with minimal muscle activity.
The average plantar fasciitis episode lasts longer than 6 months and it affects up to 10-15% of the population. It is most commonly experienced during middle age, female gender, and athlete population such as running.
How did it happen?
Risk factors for plantar fasciitis includes reduce ankle range of motion, flatfoot statically/dynamically, high-arched foot, weight-bearing activities (e.g. prolonged standing, running), improper shoe fit, overweight, Diabetes Mellitus and so on.
Plantar fascia fibrosis, collagen cell death, vascular hyperplasia with avascular zones, random and disorganized collagen are some possible reasons for plantar fasciitis.
Physiotherapy for plantar fasciitis
- Stretching of the calf muscles and plantar fascia
- Strength training
- Mobilisation and manipulation
- Night splint/foot orthoses
- Electrophysical Agent (e.g. ultrasound, ice pack)
Approximately 90% of cases are treated successfully with conservative care.
If you have any concerns, please book in an appointment with one of our physiotherapist for further information. Alternatively, we also offers a 10min FREE consultation (no booking required) for everyone in need.
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